Mango Plant Description:
Mango (Mangifera indica) is a tropical fruit-bearing tree known for its delicious, sweet, and juicy fruits. In Vietnam, mangoes are a popular fruit and are cultivated in various regions across the country. The appearance of a mango plant can be described as follows:
Tree Size: Mango trees vary in size depending on the variety and growing conditions. They can range from small to large, with mature trees typically reaching heights of 10 to 25 meters (33 to 82 feet).
Leaves: Mango leaves are evergreen, glossy, and alternate, arranged spirally on the branches. They are usually lanceolate, with a pointed tip and a slightly wavy margin. The leaves can vary in size, with mature leaves being around 15 to 35 centimeters (6 to 14 inches) in length.
Flowers: Mango trees produce small, fragrant flowers in inflorescences called panicles. These panicles contain numerous flowers with white, cream, or pale yellow petals. Each flower has five petals and is typically small in size.
Fruits: The mango fruits vary in shape, size, color, and flavor depending on the cultivar. They can be oval, round, or kidney-shaped. The skin color ranges from green to various shades of yellow, orange, red, or even purple. The flesh can be fibrous or smooth, and the taste varies from sweet to slightly tangy. The central stone or seed is usually large and flat.
Growth Habit: Mango trees have a dense and spreading canopy with a rounded crown. They are known for their long-lived nature, and with proper care, they can bear fruit for several decades.
Habitat: Mango trees thrive in warm tropical climates, which is why they are well-suited for cultivation in Vietnam. They require full sunlight and well-drained soil for optimal growth and fruit production.
Cultivation in Vietnam:
In Vietnam, mangoes are grown in a variety of regions, including the Mekong Delta, the south-central coast, and the southern highlands. The country is known for cultivating a wide range of mango varieties, each with its unique taste, color, and texture. Some popular Vietnamese mango varieties include Hoa Loc, Cat Chu, and Keo.
Mango cultivation in Vietnam involves proper soil preparation, irrigation, and pest management. Farmers often use organic or chemical fertilizers to ensure healthy tree growth and fruit development. Harvesting typically takes place during the mango season, which can vary depending on the region but usually falls between April and September.